Category:Disc and Belt Sanders

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Tool Species
Disc and Belt Sanders

A tool species is a logical grouping of tools based on similarity of function, use, and safety.

Asylum Tool Species Info
To use any of the tools listed on this page, you are required to complete the testing program described here. You should get training or equivalent experience at the Asylum or elsewhere before testing.
RubricDisc and Belt Sander Rubric
TrainingTool Training: Basic Woodworking Tools on Eventbrite
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This document is an internal Artisan's Asylum training document and is provided "as is", to be used as a reference only. Use of this document for any purposes other than as reference material (i.e., for the purposes of training and testing users on tools or equipment by other commercial entities or individuals) is not advised. In no event shall the authors of this material, or Artisan's Asylum, Inc., be liable for any claim, damages, or other liability whether in action or contract, arising from, out of, or in connection with the use of the information in this document for training, testing, or on-going safe use of fabrication equipment. Please consult your own lawyers and subject matter experts if you are looking to develop your own safety curriculum for fabrication equipment operation. Tool operators are responsible for their own safety, including reading and understanding the owners manual for this equipment and all of the warnings it contains.


Contents

Description

Disc and belt sanders use iron oxide particles glued to fabric discs and belts to sand a large variety of materials, including wood, ferrous metals, non-ferrous metals, and plastics.

Personal Protective Equipment

  • Standard shop personal protective equipment (safety glasses, no unrestrained long hair, no flowing clothes, etc.) are required
  • ABSOLUTELY NO gloves, rings, bracelets, or other items on your hands or fingers, as these may get sucked into the gap between the belt/disc and support table
  • Dust mask recommended for sanders used in the wood shop
  • An attached vacuum is required for sanders used in the wood shop

Safe Operation

  • Always sand against the support table – no ‘free hand’ sanding in mid-air on the main belt surface.
  • Always sand pieces significantly larger than the gap between the sanding table and the belt or disc.
  • Only apply enough pressure to allow the sandpaper to remove material; do not force material into the sander.
  • Move objects continuously back and forth across the sanding belt or disc to prevent burnout in one area.
  • Only sand on the side of the disc that rotates toward the table; never cross over the center of the disc, or sand on the opposite side.

Common Maintenance Operations

  • If the wood sander is clogged with material, press rubber cleaners to the belt and disc while the unit is running to unclog.
  • Belt tracking adjustment:
    1. Run sander for a few seconds to see if belt moves to one side or another.
    2. If the sanding belt moves or is biased rightwards, turn the tracking knob counterclockwise 1/4 turn
    3. If the sanding belt moves or is biased leftwards, turn the tracking knob clockwise 1/4 turn
    4. Run the sander for a few more seconds to check if the belt moves, repeat the previous two steps if necessary.

Allowable Materials

  • Materials sanded are dependent on the shop the sander is in; only wood is allowable in the wood shop, while plastic and most metals are allowed in the metal shop.
  • Sanded wood must comply with the following rules:
    • No moldy or wet wood
    • No treated/painted/finished wood
    • All nails and staples removed
    • All hardwoods must be checked against a cutting/sanding chart for hazardous dust reactions

Pages in category "Disc and Belt Sanders"

The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total.

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